What if the pyramids were not built? What if they were poured?
Sometimes the simplest explanation is the right one. If the ancients had a way of creating geopolymers – synthetic liquid versions of common minerals that could be poured into molds and hardened – that would explain almost everything. How giant stones came to be placed perfectly into the pyramids hundreds of feet up, or massive odd-shaped rocks fit together flawlessly in the walls at Sacsayhuamán. Or how Egyptian statues were crafted with machine-like precision. Or how otherwise impossible diorite vases were easily manufactured by the hundreds or thousands. If today we can create structures and forms with concrete, liquid metals, and plastics, might the ancients have done it with liquid synthetic limestone and other geopolymers?
The unquestioned godfather of Geopolymer Theory is Joseph Davidovits, a French materials scientist who believes the pyramids’ enormous blocks were not carved but cast in place by pouring a kind of liquid limestone concrete into reusable wooden molds. He has written numerous books on the subject, most notably one he co-authored with Margie Morris in 1988 entitled The Pyramids: An Enigma Solved.
Not content to stand merely on theory, Davidovits created a proof-of-concept video in 2002 in which a team of a dozen or so workers (dressed in ancient Egyptian garb no less) actually created massive limestone blocks from a liquid mixture using methods and materials that would have been available to ancient Egyptians 4,500 years ago.
As simple and straightforward as Geopolymer Theory may seem, most mainstream academics and geologists reject it – with some claiming there is not even a remote possibility the stones in the Great Pyramid were man-made. Indeed, Davidovits himself admits some stones – namely, the huge 10-ton granite blocks of the King’s Chamber in the Great Pyramid – were carved, not poured.
On the other hand, in 2006 a team of Drexel University researchers examined limestone samples from the Great Pyramid using scanning electron microscopy and found mineral compounds and air bubbles that do not occur in natural limestone. There may be something to Geopolymer Theory after all. Davidovits’ Geopolymer Institute thinks so and continues to present news of geopolymer breakthroughs on its website, and at annual conferences.